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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering - Scientific research

 

The Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials conducts research in several fields of study:

Modelling and simulating materials’ phenomena and properties in the application to the development of materials design, including:

  • development of computer systems employing, among others, artificial intelligence methods for the selection of engineering materials in connection with the development of modelling of relationships between the chemical composition, structure, and technological properties parameters, as well as the use of engineering materials, employing artificial intelligence methods, for various technical and biomedical applications,
  • employment of numerical methods (Finite Elements Method, Artificial Intelligence) for modelling and simulation of processes occurring during heat and surface treatment, including determination of temperature field change, phase transformation and residual stress and change of mechanical properties of materials by the elastoplastic analysis during cooling

Forming structure and properties of surface layers and core of engineering materials, including:

  • structure and properties of engineering materials and development of technologies for producing surface layers in the contemporary and conventional processes, especially PVD, CVD, thermochemical treatment, laser treatment, electron-beam treatment, plasma sputtering, HVOF spraying, and duplex processes merging single processes for structure, as well as properties of surface layers formation, enabling the extension of product life and improvement of its competitiveness,
  • development of the forming technology of engineering materials structure and properties by investigation and employment of physical and chemical phenomena, phase transformation, as well as their integration in the contemporary technologies of materials processes,

Nanomaterials and amorphous materials, including:

  • development of technologies for producing nano-crystalline materials using the controlled thermal nano-crystallisation method, with methods of mechanical synthesis of alloys and mechanical crystallisation of metal glasses,
  • research in the field of design and technology of functional materials, including amorphous metal and nano-crystalline materials, as well as metal and polymer composites reinforced with metal amorphous and nano-crystalline materials.

Ceramic materials and those obtained with other unconventional methods, as well as tool materials for dry and high-speed cutting, including:

  • development of ceramic materials and composites based on polymer, metal, and ceramic matrices, along with their manufacturing techniques, making it possible to control their properties and shape, including the employment of shape memory effect and tool materials for dry cutting, by modifying contemporary technological processes of manufacture and application of anti-wear coatings,
  • improvement of powder injection technology (PIM and MIM – powder/metal injection moulding), in respect to manufacturing elements with complex shapes, relatively low weight and highly developed surfaces, to avoid plastic forming and machining in order to obtain economic and ecological effects.

Creep and/or corrosion resistant materials for automotive industry and power engineering, including:

  • development of new generation of steel and superalloys for boilers, conventional solid fuel and nuclear power engineering, as well as for high-pressure power engineering equipment and turbines, along with the investigation of structure degradation and wear processes of materials in working conditions, improving research methods and computer modelling of degradation and wear processes of materials
  • development of corrosion resistant materials to use in various industrial conditions, along with the improvement of structure and properties investigation methods, as well as the methodology of computer assisted selection of these materials.

Lightweight materials:

  • optimisation of chemical composition of lightweight casting alloys and plastic forming, taking into consideration their required mechanical properties, as well as economic criteria, including the determination of solidification conditions for lightweight casting alloys and parameters of their succeeding heat treatment and resulting working properties, selection of thermomechanical treatment parameters for elements made from lightweight alloys manufactured with rheocasting and thixoforming methods and selection of chemical composition and solidification conditions for elements from lightweight alloys shaped using plastic forming methods, taking into consideration their further heat treatment
  • physical simulation of selected industrial processes of manufacturing and forming of lightweight alloys properties, in particular the analysis of phase transformations occurring during melting/solidifying processes, as well as heat, plastic, and thermomechanical treatment

Biomaterials:

  • introducing new generation of biomaterials, along with processes and equipment developed for them, which enables to extend the scope of medical operations and implanting artificial organs, to limit social range of disability, social diseases, and other ailments, as well as to extend human life with investigation of mechanical properties of biomaterials and medical materials, including the assessment of their resistance to pitting, crevice, stress, and fatigue corrosion in conditions of biomedical simulation in the environment of physiologic salines or other chemical environments,
  • investigating implants, medical instruments and products with surfaces modified using PVD/CVD methods, ion implantation, diffusion in oxides or with coatings from nano-crystalline carbon or bioceramics, along with the corrosion resistance investigation of coatings developed on the diagnostic and therapeutic equipment used in rehabilitation and physiotherapy.

 

The Institute of Technological Processes, Automation and Integrated Manufacturing System conducts research in the following fields of study:

Mechatronic, system control and machine design:

  • mechatronics,
  • automation and robotics, including technological processes and technical systems,
  • control of processes and systems using PLC,
  • industrial networks, their implementation and testing,
  • "motion control" techniques,
  • use of artificial intelligence methods in control and automatic control,
  • design and construction of mechanical and mechatronic systems,
  • computer aided design, engineering and manufacturing,
  • application of the finite element method,
  • virtual reality methods and techniques in design and manufacture of machine elements,
  • utilization of artificial intelligence methods for aiding the design, construction and manufacturing processes.

Production engineering and management, including:

  • new product design methods,
  • manufacturing processes design,
  • organization of production systems,
  • production planning and control,
  • multi-assortment rhythmic production,
  • theory of constraints,
  • optimal production technique,
  • project management,
  • balancing and sequencing assembly lines,
  • MRP/ERP integrated management systems,
  • integration of PPC systems,
  • decision making method advisory,
  • computer-aided production management,
  • CAPP/CAM/PPC integration in aspect of being competitive,
  • modelling and simulation of manufacturing systems,
  • planning and control of production flow,
  • synchronization of decentralized control and production flow in assembly and manufacturing systems, methods of rapid variation of production flow,
  • management in multi-project environment,
  • modelling and simulation of logistic processes in enterprises,
  • implementation of artificial intelligence in decision making for production planning and scheduling,
  • soft-computing in production flow management,
  • supply chain management (supply control, cooperation and delivery process) with multi-criteria analysis,
  • using analytical and approximate methods for production cost calculations,
  • cost management methods (integration of MRP systems and ABC method),
  • application of e-learning method in technology and logistics management,
  • on-line and off-line industrial robot programming,
  • modelling and simulation of robotised and automated systems.

Mechanics and dynamics of machinery:

  • modelling and study of piezoelectric elements in classical and non-classical methods
  • multiple right and inverse dynamic tasks of vibrating continuous bar systems and discrete active mechanical and mechatronic systems by means of classical, graph and structural number methods,
  • inverse dynamic tasks of transverse vibrating of continuous mechanical and mechatronic systems in formulation of graphs and structural numbers,
  • control-continuous and discrete-continuous mechanical flexibly systems,
  • sensitivity of continuous systems modelled by hypergraphs and studied using polar graph and structural numbers,
  • positioning the n-segmental manipulators of robots and their link to different physical characteristics of their models in formulation by means of hypergraphs and their skeletons
  • kinematic and dynamic analysis of machinery,
  • analysis and synthesis of vibrating systems,
  • synthesis of active mechanical and mechatronic systems,
  • modelling and testing of one-dimensional vibrating mechatronic systems
  • design thinking.

 

The Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics conducts research in three main areas:

  • mechanics
  • machine design and operation 
  • biomechanics and biomedical engineering

The main branches of research include:

  • dynamics of machines and electromechanical transmission systems,
  • sensitivity analysis and optimization,
  • biomechanics
  • dynamics of elevators and lifts,
  • continuous system mechanics and dynamics of thin-walled pipes,
  • modelling and testing of composite materials,
  • composite structure testing,
  • multibody system dynamics,
  • modal analysis,
  • theory and application of finite element methods,
  • design of rehabilitation equipment,
  • locomotion testing.

 

The main areas of research of the Institute of Mechanics and Computational Engineering are:

  • solid mechanics
  • mechanics of continuum
  • thermomechanics
  • parallel computing in mechanics
  • computational mechanics and material science
  • computer science techniques in mechanical engineering
  • biomechanics
  • multiscale modelling
  • inverse problems
  • optimization of systems and processes
  • modelling of physical processes
  • strength of structural elements in linear, non-linear and dynamic problems
  • development and application of BEM and FEM
  • computer methods in thermomechanics
  • sensitivity analysis and methods of topology and shape optimization
  • identification of internal defects
  • numerical modelling of systems in stochastic and fuzzy uncertain conditions
  • computer methods in static and dynamic fracture mechanics
  • modelling of heat and mass diffusion
  • moving boundary problems
  • thermodynamics of foundry processes
  • computer simulation of technological processes
  • biomechanical models of bone and muscle systems
  • modelling of heat and mass transfer in biomechanics

 

Employees of the Department of Welding conduct research in a vast range of topics:

Associate Professor Andrzej Gruszczyk, PhD, DSc (andrzej.gruszczyk@polsl.pl)

  • welding metallurgy, kinetics of nitrogen absorption by steels during welding and arc melting,
  • surface properties of liquid metals and alloys,
  • new filler materials for welding processes,
  • weldability of a new generation of low alloyed structural steels,
  • brazing and soldering technology.

Professor Andrzej Klimpel PhD, DSc (andrzej.klimpel@polsl.pl)

  • laser welding of metals and plastics,
  • laser cladding, alloying and surface treatment,
  • wear and erosion resistant alloys and coatings,
  • laser and plasma cutting.

Associate Professor Krzysztof Luksa PhD, DSc (krzysztof.luksa@polsl.pl)

  • automation and robotisation of welding processes,
  • welding equipment,
  • design of welded structures,
  • history of engineering and scientific discoveries,
  • monitoring of arc welding processes,
  • automation and robotisation of welding processes,
  • CAD/CAM/CAW.

Jacek Górka PhD, DSc (jacek.gorka@polsl.pl)

  • welding metallurgy,
  • plasma arc surfacing,
  • thermal cutting and gouging,
  • weldability of modern low alloyed high strength structural steels.

Artur Czupryński PhD (artur.czuprynski@polsl.pl)

  • plasma arc welding and surfacing,
  • plasma cutting,
  • GMA, GTA and plasma brazing technology,
  • thermal spraying technology.

Aleksander Lisiecki PhD (aleksander.lisiecki@polsl.pl)

  • laser welding of metals and plastics,
  • laser cutting,
  • laser cladding, alloying and surface treatment,
  • thermal spraying technology,
  • CAD/CAM/CAW.

Damian Janicki PhD (damian.janicki@polsl.pl)  

  • application of laser beam for cladding, hard-facing, surface alloying and welding technology,
  • wear and erosion resistant alloys and coatings.

Tomasz Kik PhD  (tomasz.kik@polsl.pl)

  • FEM numerical simulation of welding processes – certified partner of ESI Group
  • laser surfacing,
  • robotized welding and surfacing,
  • plasma welding and cladding,
  • CAD/CAM/CAW.

Agnieszka Rzeźnikiewicz PhD (agnieszka.rzeznikiewicz@polsl.pl)  

  • robotized welding and surfacing,
  • laser cladding and surfacing,
  • economics of welding processes.

Małgorzata Musztyfaga-Staszuk PhD (malgorzata.musztyfaga@polsl.pl)  

  • photovoltaics, functional metal materials and laser processing of engineering materials
  • measurement of selected electrical properties of silicon solar cells 
  • layer deposition by screen printing and other surface deposition techniques

Andrzej St. Klimpel PhD (asklimpel@polsl.pl)

  • metallographic examination (with modern microscopes and hardness testers, high precision laboratory balance)
  • wear and erosion resistant alloys and coatings.

Marcin Żuk MSc (marcin.zuk@polsl.pl)

  • Study weldability of high-strength low-alloy steel
  • Repair welding of cast steel and cast iron
  • Laser welding armoured steel

Bernard Wyględacz MSc

  • FEM numerical simulation of welding processes,
  • Brazing and soldering technology,
  • Phenomena on liquid metal – ceramic contact surface, metal – ceramics interfaces.

 

Staff of the Institute of Fundamentals of Machinery Design specializes in the development and application of a variety of methods and computer techniques to solve such issues as:

  • diagnostics of machines and technological processes. This research is conducted using advanced measurement techniques of vibration and audio signals, thermal images, process variables, and using respective signal processing methods to develop software appropriate for current assessment of technical state, with the use of analytical or intelligent computation.
  • design and building of intelligent monitoring and extensive diagnostic systems. These systems take advantage of distributed measurement systems, including intelligent network of sensors, which gives the possibility of detection, localization and identification of faults in extensive systems.
  • support systems for design and construction of machines using CAD / CAM systems for acquisition, gathering and use of engineering knowledge. These activities focus on the development of general methodological issues, such as formal method of knowledge acquisition in the design and construction processes
  • design and construction of specialized robots, autonomous systems and vehicles, development of proper control systems to recognize the environment, communication and localization, as well as relevant data acquisition systems. The research area also comprises of smart solutions to reconfigure control systems consisting of behaviour-based controller adapted appropriately to the current technical condition of the robot.
  • development of intelligent computational systems to solve various problems that arise or may occur in the engineering practice;
  • development of vision and thermal imagining systems, along with image processing and analysis methods;
  • design and modelling of lightweight structures;

 

The main area of research of the Department of Machine Technology is the design of machine tools, both as stand-alone processing units and process systems executing automated and complex machining procedures. Due to the fact that machine tools have complex designs and act as exploitation systems, where different types of devices have to work together, the scope of scientific knowledge necessary for proper construction and design of machine tools is very broad.

For this reason, the main criteria for selecting scientific topics suitable for exploration must be consistent with the following rules:

  • topic should be in accordance with the course syllabus of the Department,
  • topic should contribute to the development of technical progress in the construction of machine tools,
  • it should be in line with global trends,
  • it should be closely linked to the needs of specific national industrial plants, especially in the Silesian region,
  • it should provide materials for publication and doctoral dissertations as means of development for scientific staff in keeping with the needs of the Faculty

The selection of topics for research work, depending on the internal and external possibilities and individual interests, can be divided into the following groups:

  • Design of machine tool mechanical components, elements and devices related to machine tools,
  • Modelling and optimization of machine tool systems using modern computer methods,
  • Modelling and experimental studies of machining processes,
  • Numerical control of machine tools,
  • Modern solutions for machine tool drives,
  • Diagnostics of machines and devices using the latest findings in the field of metrology and artificial intelligence,
  • Selected acceptance tests of large-sized (heavy) machine tools.

 

The main fields of study of the Department of Foundry Engineering are:

  • Crystallization and Solidification of Alloys – analysis of the process for different metals, alloys and MMC composites, TDA method, inoculation, use of electromagnetic field and vibrations
  • Casting Alloys Design – experimental and numerical studies
  • Cast Metal Matrix Composites – manufacturing, application
  • Moulding Materials – studies and selection
  • Numerical Simulation of Casting Processes – pouring, solidification, heat treatment
  • Wear-resistant Alloys – design and studies
  • Pneumatic Transport - model studies, application
  • Carburization of Cast Iron – different methods, application
  • Bimetallic Castings – manufacturing, diffusion
  • Phenomena of Die-Casting of Non-ferrous Alloys – studies and development
Scholarships 2020/2021
Admission 2019/2020
Art & Design Competition
European projects
ELSEVIER Awards Poland
HR Excellence in Research
 
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